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Objektnummer 116422-2
Utstilt Resepsjon, Rolfsbuktveien 4 F, Fornebu
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Samurai-rustning med hjelm (kabuto) og utstyr

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English description

Samurai-rustning med hjelm (kabuto) og utstyr

Rustning ("yoroi"), bestående av:

Hjelm ("Kabuto") med 62 lameller. Signert "Miochin Nobuiye" i kanji på insiden av bakre midtlamell. Signaturen er synlig gjennom en åpning i hjelmens innertrekk i tekstil.

Uvanlig rikt formet åpning og midtkrans ("kikuza") rundt hjelmens topp, med gjennombrutt dekor i lys bronse, tilsvarende dejoren på skulderbeskyttelsene, etc.
Hjelmens nakkebeskyttelse av krepsehale-type i lakkert lær, montert på tynn jernplate.

Ansiktsmaske ("mempo") med avtagbar nese-del. Foret med rødt lær. Halsbeskyttelse i ringbrynje, montert på tekstil.
Hjelmskallet og masken, trolig 1700-tallet, med senere monteringer i lakk, lær, og silkebånd.

Kyrass ("Do") i jern. Brystplaten montert med dragemotiv, med forgylte detaljer. Drage-emblemet kan være en senre tilføyelse. Innvendig foret med rødt lær. Ryggplaten med beslag for feste av banner eller merke for bærerens avdeling eller føydalherre. Ryggplaten har i tillegg to fester ved armhullene, for skulderbeskyttelsene. Bryst og ryggplate festes sammen med en snor på høyre og et hengsel på venstre side.

Tre hengende beskyttelser ("Kuzasuri") tilsvarende hjelmens nakkebekyttelse.foran, og fire bak, som henger ned fra kyrasset er utført i lakkert lær.

Skulderbeskyttelser ("Odoshi") i lakkert lær montert på tynne plater. Festes til kyrasset med to hengsler på en dekorert metallplate.

Armbeskyttelser ("Gote") i ringbrynje montert på brokadestoff, med tynne, drevne stålplater montert på albuer og hender.

Lårbeskyttelser i lakkert lær montert på brokadestoff.

Leggbeskyttelser med vertikale, tynne stålskinner, kjedet sammen med ringbrynje, og monterte på brokadestoff.

Kyrasset er noe yngre enn hjelmen, trolig sent 1700-tallet, og med øvrige monteringer fra 1800-tallet.


JAPANESE ARMORS
As far back as the seventh century Japanese warriors wore a form of lamellar armor, this armor eventually evolved into the armor worn by the samurai. The first types of Japanese armors identified as samurai armor were known as yoroi. These early samurai armors were made from small individual scales known as kozane. The kozane were made from either iron or leather and were bound together into small strips, the strips were coated with lacquer to protect the kozane from water. A series of strips of kozane were then laced together with silk or leather lace and formed into a complete chest armor (dou or do).

In the 1500s a new type of armor started to become popular due to the advent of firearms, new fighting tactics and the need for additional protection. The kozane dou made from individual scales was replaced by plate armor. This new armor, which used iron plated dou (do), was referred to as Tosei-gusoku, or modern armor. Various other components of armor protected the samurai's body. The helmet kabuto was an important part of the samurai's armor. Samurai armor changed and developed as the methods of samurai warfare changed over the centuries. The known last use of samurai armor occurring in 1877 during the satsuma rebellion. As the last samurai rebellion was crushed, Japan modernized its defenses and turned to a national conscription army that used uniforms.

Japanese armour is thought to have evolved from the armour used in ancient China and Korea. Cuirasses and helmets were manufactured in Japan as early as the 4th century. Tanko, worn by foot soldiers and keiko, worn by horsemen were both pre-samurai types of early Japanese cuirass constructed from iron plates connected together by leather thongs.

During the Heian period (794-1185), the Japanese cuirass evolved into the more familiar style of armour worn by the samurai known as the dou or do. Japanese armour makers started to use leather (nerigawa) and lacquer was used to weather proof the armor parts. By the end of the Heian period the Japanese cuirass had arrived at the shape recognized as being distinctly samurai. Leather and or iron scales were used to construct samurai armours, with leather and eventually silk lace used to connect the individual scales (kozane) which these cuirasses were now being made from.

In the 16th century Japan began trading with Europe during what would become known as the Nanban trade. Samurai acquired European armour including the cuirass and comb morion which they modified and combined with domestic armour as it provided better protection from the newly introduced matchlock muskets known as Tanegashima. The introduction of the tanegashima by the Portuguese in 1543 changed the nature of warfare in Japan causing the Japanese armour makers to change the design of their armours from the centuries-old lamellar armours to plate armour constructed from iron and steel plates which was called tosei gusoku (new armours). Bullet resistant armours were developed called tameshi gusoku or (bullet tested) allowing samurai to continue wearing their armour despite the use of firearms.

The era of warfare called the Sengoku period ended around 1600, Japan was united and entered the peaceful Edo period, samurai continued to use both plate and lamellar armour as a symbol of their status but traditional armours were no longer necessary for battles. During the Edo period light weight, portable and secret hidden armours became popular as there was still a need for personal protection. Civil strife, duels, assassinations, peasant revolts required the use of armours such as the kusari katabira (chain armour jacket) and armoured sleeves as well as other types of armour which could be worn under ordinary clothing. Edo period samurai were in charge of internal security and would wear various types of kusari gusoku (chain armour) and shin and arm protection as well as forehead protectors (hachi-gane).

Armour continued to be worn and used in Japan until the end of the samurai era (Meiji period) in the 1860s, with the last use of samurai armour happening in 1877 during the Satsuma Rebellion.

Japanese armour was generally constructed from many small iron (tetsu) and/or leather (nerigawa) scales (kozane) and/or plates (ita-mono), connected to each other by rivets and macramé cords (odoshi) made from leather and/or braided silk, and/or chain armour (kusari). Noble families had silk cords made in specific patterns and colors of silk thread. Many of these cords were constructed of well over 100 strands of silk. Making these special silk cords could take many months of steady work, just to complete enough for one suit of armour. These armor plates were usually attached to a cloth or leather backing. Japanese armour was designed to be as lightweight as possible as the samurai had many tasks including riding a horse and archery in addition to swordsmanship. The armour was usually brightly lacquered to protect against the harsh Japanese climate. Chain armour (kusari) was also used to construct individual armour pieces and full suits of kusari were even used.

A full suit of traditional Samurai armour could include the following items:
- Dou or do, a chest armour made up of iron and or leather plates of various sizes and shapes with pendents
- Kusazuri made from iron or leather plates hanging from the front and back of the dou (do) to protect the lower body and upper leg.
- Sode, large rectangular shoulder protection made from iron and or leather plates.
- Kote, armoured glove like sleeves which extended to the shoulder or han kote (kote gauntlets) which covered the forearms. Kote were made from cloth covered with iron plates of various size and shape, connected by chain armor (kusari).
- Kabuto, a helmet made from iron or leather plates (from 3 to over 100 plates) riveted together. A neck guard shikoro made from several layers of curved iron or leather strips was suspended from the bottom edge of the kabuto.
- Mengu, (also menpo or occasionally men yoroi) various types of lacquered metal and or leather facial armour designed in a way that the top heavy helmet kabuto could be tied and secured to them by various metal posts. Mengu had throat

Merknad: Rustningen fremstår som komplett, med unntak av noen dekorative snorer og dusker. Noen låsepinner er eldre erstatninger. Slitasje og alderspreg på tekstil- og lakkdeler. Ettersyn anbefales.


This text is automatically translated by Google, and Blomqvist does not guarantee that the translation is correct and can not be hold responsible for any action based on the translation.

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