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Fotmortere - Frederik IV

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    Vurdering 150 000 - 170 000 NOK

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    Slutt 14.01.2018 20:37

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English description

Fotmortere - Frederik IV

Barokk. Bronse. Et par, ulike kronede monogrammer for Frederik IV.
Monterte på sokler i eik, med bærehåndtak og beslag i smijern.

Ett lokk i dreiet tre medfølger.
Kaliber 13 cm.
Ca. 1700.

A mortar is an indirect fire device that launches projectiles at low velocities and short ranges. The mortar has traditionally been used as a weapon to propel explosive shells called mortar bombs in high-arcing ballistic trajectories. The weapon is typically muzzle-loading with a short, often smooth-bore barrel, generally less than 15 times its caliber. Modern mortars are light and easily portable. They can be used for close fire support with a variety of ammunition.

Mortars have been used for hundreds of years, originally in siege warfare. Many historians consider the first mortars to have been used at the 1453 siege of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror. A European account of the 1456 siege of Belgrade by Giovanni da Tagliacozzo said that the Ottoman Turks used seven mortars that fired "stone shots one Italian mile high". The time of flight of these was apparently long enough that casualties could be avoided by posting observers to give warning of their trajectories.However, earlier mortars were used in Korea in a 1413 naval battle when Korean gunsmiths developed the Wan'gu (gourd-shaped mortar).

Early mortars, such as the Pumhart von Steyr, were also large and heavy, and could not be easily transported. Simply made, these weapons were no more than iron bowls reminiscent of the kitchen and apothecary mortars whence they drew their name. An early transportable mortar was invented by Baron Menno van Coehoorn (Siege of Grave, 1673). This mortar fired an exploding shell, which had a fuse lit by the hot gases when fired. This innovation was quickly taken up, necessitating a new form of naval ship, the bomb vessel. Mortars played a significant role in the Venetian conquest of Morea and in the course of this campaign an ammunition store in the Parthenon was blown up.

An early use of these more mobile mortars as field (rather than siege) weapons was by British forces in the suppression of the 1719 Jacobite rising at the Battle of Glen Shiel. High angle trajectory mortars held a great advantage over standard field guns in the rough terrain of the West Highlands of Scotland.

US Army 13-inch mortar "Dictator" was a rail-mounted gun of the American Civil War.
Coehorn-type mortars of approximately 180 pounds (82 kg) weight were used by both sides during the American Civil War. At the Siege of Vicksburg, General US Grant reported making such mortars "by taking logs of the toughest wood that could be found, boring them out for six- or twelve-pound shells and binding them with stong iron bands. These answered as coehorns, and shells were successfully thrown from them into the trenches of the enemy".

The mortar had fallen out of general use by the Napoleonic era and interest in the weapon was only revived at the beginning of the 20th century.


This text is automatically translated by Google, and Blomqvist does not guarantee that the translation is correct and can not be hold responsible for any action based on the translation.


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