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Objektnummer 125696-1
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Ikon - Theothokos, Gudsmoderen

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English description

Ikon - Theothokos, Gudsmoderen

Gresk.Tempera-maling på gesso-grunning på treplate. Trolig 1800-tallet.

Rikt skåren ramme med akantus-motiver. Den hellige ånd formet som en due i en krans i rammens øvre midtfelt. To rikt skårne hengslede dører foran motivet.

THE MOTHER OF GOD
Theotokos is a title of Mary, mother of Jesus, used especially in Eastern Christianity. The usual Latin translations, Dei
Genetrix or Deipara (approximately "parent (fem.) of God", are translated as "Mother of God" or "God-bearer".

The Council of Ephesus decreed in 431 that Mary is the Theotokos because her son Jesus is both God and man: one
divine person with two natures (divine and human) intimately and hypostatically united. Theotokos is also used as the
term for an Eastern icon, or type of icon, of the Mother with Child (in the western tradition typically called a Madonna, as
in "the Theotokos of Vladimir" both for the original 12th-century icon and for icons that are copies or imitate its
composition.

Similar to this is the title of Mother of God (Latin: Mater Dei). "Mother of God" (and equivalents) is most often used in
English (and other modern western languages), largely due to the lack of a satisfactory equivalent of Greek/Latin
genetrix.

The title has been in use since the 3rd century, in the Syriac tradition, in the Liturgy of Mari and Addai (3rd century) and
the Liturgy of St James (4th century).

The oldest extant depictions of Mary are found in the Catacomb of Priscilla (2nd century), in one instance showing the
Annunciation, in another the Mother and child. Early Christian depictions of the Nativity often do not include Mary, but
she is present in a 3rd-century depiction of the Adoration of the Magi.

The tradition of Marian veneration was greatly expanded only with the affirmation of her status as Theotokos in 431.
The mosaics in Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome, dating from 432-40, just after the council, does not yet show her with a
halo. The iconographic tradition of the Theotokos or Madonna (Our Lady), showing the Virgin entrhoned carrying the
infant Christ, is established by the following century, as attested by a very small number of surviving icons, including one
at Saint Catherine's Monastery in Sinai, and Salus Populi Romani, a 5th or 6th-century Byzantine icon preserved in
Rome. This type of depiction, with subtly changing differences of emphasis, has remained the mainstay of depictions of
Mary to the present day. The roughly half-dozen varied icons of the Virgin and Child in Rome from the 6th to 8th
centuries form the majority of the representations surviving from this period, as most early Byzantine icons were
destroyed in the Byzantine Iconoclasm of the 8th and 9th century, notable exceptions being the 7th-century
Blachernitissa and Agiosoritissa.

The iconographic tradition is well developed by the early medieval period. The tradition of Luke the Evangelist being
the to have painted Mary is established by the 8th century. An early icon of the Virgin as queen is in the church of
Santa Maria in Trastevere in Rome, datable to 705-707 by the kneeling figure of Pope John VII, a notable promoter of
the cult of the Virgin, to whom the infant Christ reaches his hand. The earliest surviving image in a Western illuminated
manuscript of the Madonna and Child comes from the Book of Kells of about 800 (there is a similar carved image on the
lid of St Cuthbert's coffin of 698). The oldest Russian icons were imports from Byzantium, beginning in the 11th century.

Høyde 43,0 cmLengde 39,0 cm

Merknad: Vertikal sprekk gjennnom hele ikonet. Overflatesmuss og malingsavskalninger, samt avbrekk og markhull. Aldersretatert bruksslitasje. Patina. Ettersyn anbefaltes


This text is automatically translated by Google, and Blomqvist does not guarantee that the translation is correct and can not be hold responsible for any action based on the translation.

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